Physics Colloquium: Exploring the inner structure protons and neutrons with high energy probes (Dr. Nobuo Sato, Jefferson Lab)
This is a past event.
Friday, March 24 at 1:00pm
PG6 - Tech Station, 112
11200 SW 8th ST 33199, PG6 - Tech Station, Miami, Florida 33199
Exploring the inner structure protons and neutrons
with high energy probes
Dr. Nobuo Sato (Jefferson Lab)
Friday, March 24th, 2023
1.00 – 2.00 PM
Venue: PG6 112
Abstract: Understanding the internal structure of protons and neutrons, which are the fundamental building blocks of atomic nuclei and thus of all the stars, planets and most visible matter in the universe, is one of mankind’s major challenges. With more than 50 years of experimental and theoretical effort, we now understand that protons and neutrons (or collectively “nucleons”) are composed of more fundamental quark constituents bound together by gluons with strong forces governed by the theory of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). Unlike any other known phenomenon in Nature, the confinement property of QCD means that quarks and gluons can never be observed in isolation in any particle detector. Moreover, in contrast to other systems, such as atoms or molecules, there is no “still” picture for the internal quark and gluon structure of nucleons and nuclei, and the internal structure can only be characterized through quantum correlation functions (QCFs), such as parton distribution functions, transverse momentum dependent distributions, and generalized parton distributions. One of the greatest challenges in nuclear particle physics is therefore to map out these QCFs using data from experiments that only detect particles such as hadrons, photons and leptons. With the ongoing 12 GeV nuclear physics program at Jefferson Lab, the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Lab, and other facilities around the world, as well as the future Electron-Ion Collider (EIC) in the US, we are at the threshold of imaging the nucleon’s internal 3-dimensional quark and gluon structure in the theoretical framework of QCD for the first time. In this talk, I would discuss how in practice these QCFs are inferred from experimental data and outline a roadmap for the next generation of QCFs analysis framework that can meet the challenges of big data and large-scale computing at the existing and future facilities.
Short Bio: Dr. Nobuo Sato is a staff scientist in the theory center at Jefferson Lab. He graduated from Universidad del Valle, Colombia in 2007 and obtained his PhD in physics from Florida State University in 2014. He held postdoctoral appointments at Jefferson Lab, University of Connecticut and Old Dominion University. In 2019 he was named the Nathan Isgur fellow at the JLab theory center.
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