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Pre- to Post-immigration Alcohol and HIV Risk Trajectories Among Recent Latino Immigrants

May 25, 2017 @ 2:00 pm - 3:00 pm

Presentation Abstract

Mariana Sanchez, PhD

The Recent Latino Immigrant Study (RLIS) is the first longitudinal investigation of how pre-immigration factors influence alcohol use and HIV risk behavior trajectories among young adult recent Latino immigrants. The sample consisted of 527 Cuban, South American, and Central American Latinos who immigrated to the US within the last year. During baseline assessment, retrospective pre-immigration data was collected; two follow-up assessments (12 months apart) collected post-immigration data. Pre- to post-immigration alcohol use and HIV risk behavior trajectories, as well as sociocultural factors influencing these trajectories, are identified and discussed. Demographic and health behavior differences between recent Cuban, South American, and Central American Latino immigrants are presented. This innovative investigation acknowledges the importance of pre-immigration factors in predicting health behaviors—an often neglected area in the research literature.

A newly funded longitudinal study by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) will continue to follow the original RLIS cohort through their first 10 years in the US. This work will be the first to document alcohol use trajectories among Latino immigrants from pre-immigration through their first decade in the US. The study is positioned to fundamentally advance knowledge regarding sociocultural determinants that are antecedent to and perpetuate distinct alcohol use trajectories among recent Latino immigrants as they acculturate to the US. Knowledge gained from this investigation could enhance existing—and inform the development of new—prevention interventions that target identified risk factors and take advantage of key protective factors associated with alcohol use related health disparities among Latino immigrants.

About the Lecturer

Dr. Sanchez is a Postdoctoral Associate at the Center of Research on US Latino HIV/AIDS and Drug Abuse at FIU. She has over 20 years of experience conducting health disparity research with ethnic/racial minorities, with a special emphasis on Latinos. Her program of research seeks to gain a deeper understanding of the cultural mechanisms (e.g., acculturation, ethnic identity, cultural values) that influence health behaviors associated with illnesses that disproportionately affect Latinos. To date, the bulk of her research has focused on examining how sociocultural determinants impact alcohol and HIV risk behaviors among vulnerable populations—including recent immigrants, undocumented immigrants, and Latino farmworkers.

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May 25, 2017
2:00 pm - 3:00 pm
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AHC5 500
11200 SW 8th Street
Miami, FL 33199 United States
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